Explain the concept of moral relativism.
1:
(a) Explain the concept of moral relativism. Explain why many people are moral relativists. What makes them think that moral relativism is true?
(b) List and explain all (and I mean ALL) objections to moral relativism. In other words, explain the arguments against moral relativism.
(c) Explain how Dr. Park defends relativism against the arguments against relativism.
(d) Explain how Dr. Alvaro replies to Dr. Park’s defenses.

(can use these to help answer questions – https://philpapers.org/archive/ALVTIO.pdf , https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KFBUubzcEjU&t=2079s , https://123philosophy.files.wordpress.com/2019/08/j.-l.-mackie-the-subjectivity-of-values.pdf)

2:
Explain A. J. Ayer’s theory known as emotivism. You must explain exactly the argument that Ayer uses for emotivism (Hint: synthetic vs. analytic). Also explain why emotivism is a form of non-cognitivism.

(https://123philosophy.files.wordpress.com/2018/12/AYER.pdf)
3:
(a) Explain as thoroughly as you can J. L. Mackie’s error theory. Again, you must explain exactly the arguments Mackie uses (relativism & queerness).
(b) Also explain why his theory is an example of cognitivism.
( https://123philosophy.files.wordpress.com/2019/08/j.-l.-mackie-the-subjectivity-of-values.pdf)

4:
(a) Explain in detail the evil god challenge.
(b) Watch the video lecture and leave a comment on the YouTube page, then write the comment here.

( https://123philosophy.files.wordpress.com/2020/12/evil-god.pdf , https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a0TTCLr8uaw&t=2066s)
5:
(a) Write out the Kalam argument exactly as Alvaro outlines it.
(b) Explain why according to Alvaro premise 1 must be true.
(c) Explain why according to Alvaro premise 2 must be true: explain all the arguments in support of 2 including the stairway to infinity and the grand hotel. Explain how and why these arguments relate to the universe.

( https://www.academia.edu/45643048/ARTICLE_ATHEISM_AS_AN_EXTREME_REJECTION_OF_RATIONAL_EVIDENCE_FOR_THE_EXISTENCE_OF_GOD , https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rkERcBfZCUg&t=1918s )