section one short answers for questions 1-6
Prep Guide Week 1
Readings: Johnston (2014). – Preface; Skinner
(1974) Intro + Ch. 1
(2014) compares the field of behavior analysis to medicine. In what ways are ABA
practitioners in a similar position as medical doctors according to this
comparison? What challenges do we face that medical doctors are less
likely to face today?
2. How does
Johnston say learning a science-based dialect similar to learning a
foreign language? How is it different?
(1974) lists 20 common misconceptions of behaviorism in the Introduction
to his book. List three of the misconceptions that you find most
challenging to refute at the beginning of the class (NOTE: the goal will be for
you to explain why all of these are myths of behaviorism by the end of
reasons does Skinner give for why feelings have been considered causes of
to the recorded lecture and watch the linked video clip from The Simpsons.
Then, give two examples of the logical fallacy that is described in the
lecture and demonstrated by the short clip.
does radical behaviorism differ from methodological behaviorism
and mentalism? (NOTE: You should be able to give a more complete
response at the end of the semester).
gives examples of how everyday vernacular interferes with our (and/or
others’) ability to see the influence of environmental vs. mental events on
behavior, or a scientific analysis of behavior. What are some ways you have
experienced this in your work and/or personal life? Try to think of an
example of how you or someone you know attributes cause to mental events or
free will. Be specific with your example!
Response : Jennifer
“The challenge of learning
to replace our everyday way of talking about behavior with a technical
scientific dialect is accordingly not so much a matter of vocabulary as it is
mastering a view of what behavior is and where it comes from that is fundamentally
different from commonly accepted views”. It’s important to understand that our
everyday language can interfere with the way we view certain behavior and their
influences. For example the other day I said to my BCBA that my client presents
with lazy behavior. She responded by saying that in ABA we don’t use the term
“lazy”. We can describe that his behavior is a escape maintained behavior. In
this case I failed to comprehend the role of private events instead of drifting
to mentalistic explanations for behavior.