Killing us Softly 4: Advertising images of women.
There are a series of films by Dr. Jean Kilbourne called “Killing Us Softly” that deal with images in marketing and advertising, and the underlying messages that are conveyed in them explicitly and implicitly (4 pages in content). For this paper, you are to watch one of the films (they can be found at the Marriott Library website and some are online. You want her film, not any books or reviews of them. Warning: Some versions may contain brief nudity, discussions of violence/assault, & all discuss sexual issues/body imagery. If that is an issue, contact me).
In the paper, give a summary of the film (including which version you watched and the effects Dr. Kilbourne discusses), discuss a similar example you have seen in real life, but not one used in the film, explain and discuss two theories from class that may be connected to the effects she discusses and show how the theories are connected to the topic, and finally, bring in a third theory to discuss ways that may help to counteract the effects. For examples of theory or approach/concept. You will need at least 5 references for this paper.
The paper is to be double-spaced with one-inch margins and using APA-style for citations and references. When it comes to citations and references, things like Wikipedia and blogs do not count as references, so do not cite them.
Here are the theories/approaches
Ambivalent prejudice (e.g.,Katz & Hass, 1988)
Attribution ambiguity (e.g., Crocker, Voelkl, Testa, & Major, 1991; Kaiser & Miller, 2003)
Attribution application (e.g., Eagly, 1987; Storms, 1973)
Attribution theory (e.g., Heider, 1958; Weiner, 1985)
Authoritarian personality (e.g., Adorno, Frenkel-Brunswik, Levinson, & Sanford, 1950; Altemeyer, 1994)
Automatic & Controlled aspects (e.g., Devine 1989)
Aversive prejudice (e.g., Gaertner, 1973; Gaertner & Dovidio, 1986)
Beyond information concept (e.g., Bruner, 1948)
Bogus Pipeline (e.g., Sigall & Page, 1971)
Bonafide Pipeline (e.g., Fazio, Jackson, Dunton, & Williams, 1995)
Carry-over effects (e.g., Henderson-King & Nisbett, 1996; Lewicki, 1985)
Face-ism (e.g., Archer, Iritani, Kimes, & Barrios, 1983)
Gender roles and stereotypes (e.g., Eagly & Steffen, 1984)
Group category boundaries (e.g., Krueger, Rothbart, & Sriram, 1989; Wilder, 1978)
Illusory correlations (e.g, Hamilton & Gifford, 1976)
Implicit Associations Test (e.g., Greenwald, Nosek, & Banaji, 2003)
Ingroup/Outgroup bias (e.g., Otten, Memmendey, & Blanz, 1996)
Ironic process (e.g., Wegner, 1994)
Jigsaw classroom (e.g., Aronson & Bridgeman, 1979)
Just World belief (e.g., Lerner, 1980)
Minimal Group paradigm (e.g., Tajfel, Billig, Bundy, & Flamant, 1971)
Music stereotypes (e.g., Fried, 1997)
Name stereotypes (e.g., Gebauer, Leary, & Neberich, 2012; Moss-Racusin, Dovidio, Brescoll, Graham, & Handelsman, 2012; Wax, 1948)
Need for structure (e.g., Schaller, Boyd, Yohannes, & O’Brien, 1995)
Optimal distinctiveness (e.g., Brewer, 1991)
Outgroup homogeneity (e.g., Linville & Jones, 1980; Quattrone & Jones, 1980)
Overjustification effect (e.g., Lepper & Greene, 1978)
Panhandler prejudice measure (e.g., von Hippel, Vargas, & Sekaquaptewa, 1995)
Prejudice defined (e.g., Jones, 1997; Nelson, 2006)
Priming porn (e.g., McKenzie-Mohr & Zanna, 1990; Rudman & Borgida, 1995)
Realistic Conflict (e.g., Sherif, 1966; Sherif, Harvey, White, Hood, & Sherif, 1961)
Religion role (e.g., Allen & Spilka, 1967; Allport & Ross, 1967; Batson, Naifeh, & Pate, 1978)
Selective information processing & stereotypes (e.g., Macrae, Milne & Bodenhausen, 1994)
Self-fulfilling prophecy (e.g., Rist, 1973; Rosenthal & Jacobson, 1968; Word, Zanna, & Cooper, 1974)
Sexual orientation prejudice (e.g., Herek, 1987)
Social desirability (e.g., Crosby, Saxe, & Bromley; Sattler, 1973)
Social Dominance Theory (e.g., Pratto & Shih, 2000; Sidanius & Pratto, 1999)
Social Identity Theory (e.g., Tajfel & Turner, 1979)
Social norm perceptions (e.g., Prentice & Miller, 1996)
Stanford Prison study (e.g., Zimbardo)
Stereotypes defined (e.g., Allport, 1954; Jones, 1997)
Stereotype shift (e.g., Dovidio & Fazio, 1992; Karlins, Coffman, & Walters, 1969)
Stereotype suppression (e.g., Macrae, Bodenhausen, Milne, & Jetten, 1994)
Stereotype threat (e.g., Smith & White, 2002; Spencer, Quinn, & Steele, 1999; Steele & Aronson, 1995)
Stereotype types (Cultural or Individual) (e.g., Ashmore & Del Boca, 1979)
Stigma vulnerability (e.g., Major, Feinstein, & Crocker, 1994)
Subjective shifts in stereotypes (e.g., Biernat & Manis, 1994)
Subtyping (e.g., Kunda & Oleson, 1995; Weber & Crocker, 1983)
Symbolic-Modern (e.g., Kinder & Sears, 1981; McConahay, 1986)
Tokenism/Solo (e.g., Taylor & Fiske, 1978)
Trait listing of stereotypes (e.g., Katz & Braly, 1933)
Ultimate Attribution Effect (e.g., Nesdale, Rule, & Hill, 1978; Pettigrew, 1979)