List 5 teaching points regarding constipation in children There are several broad categories of constipation: functional, anatomic causes, abnormal musculature, intestinal nerve abnormality related, medications, metabolic & endocrine etiology and other GI related diseases such as celiac disease &inflammatory bowel disease.
1. List 5 teaching points regarding constipation in children
There are several broad categories of constipation: functional, anatomic causes, abnormal musculature, intestinal nerve abnormality related, medications, metabolic & endocrine etiology and other GI related diseases such as celiac disease &inflammatory bowel disease. Determining the cause is pertinent on being able to identify the correct course of action. Most pediatric patient present with functional constipation and do not have an etiological factor, but most often multifactorial etiology. Factors that have identified include dehydration, dietary intake, mobility, medications, and toilet training. Teaching point to prevent constipation can include:
Dehydration
Stay well hydrated, stool is not able to move out the body without adequate fluid intake. Reduce sugary drinks and limit fruit juices.
Dietary intake
A well-rounded diet that should include high fiber diet.
Mobility
in cooperate an activity that keeps you active for 30-60 mins a day.
Medications
If taking medications that have a high risk of constipation, provide patient with MiraLAX to prevent any episodes of constipation.
Toilet Training
Young children may hold their stool because of fears of the toilet. Be consistent on reinforcing toilet as appropriate.
(Diaz & Mendez, 2023)
Reference:
Diaz S, Bittar K, Mendez MD. Constipation. [Updated 2023 Jan 31]. In: StatPearls [Internet].
Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2023 Jan-. Available from:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK513291

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