Is most organizational change forced on the organization by external factors or fostered from within?
Griffin, R. W., Phillips, J., & Gully, S. M. (2017). Organizational behavior: Managing people and organizations. Boston: Cengage.

Chapter 16: Perspectives on Change
Each question should be 250 words (include the word count after each question). After completing the required reading for this week, answer two (2) of the following questions on pp. 551:
1. Is most organizational change forced on the organization by external factors or fostered from within? Explain.
3. Which sources of resistance to change present the most problems for an internal change agent? For an external change agent?
4. Which stage of the Lewin model of change do you think is most often overlooked? Why?
5. What are the advantages and disadvantages of having an internal change agent rather than an external change agent?
10. Which of the seven keys for successfully managing an organizational change effort seem to be the most difficult to manage? Why?

Chapter 7: Working with groups
Each question should be 250 (include the word count after each question). After completing the required reading for this week, answer two (2) of the following questions on pp. 272:
1. Identify several different groups that you belong to and classify them as one of the group types discussed in this chapter.
2. Think about an effective team you have been on. What made it effective? Think about an underperforming team you have been on. Why was it underperforming?
4. List two norms each for two of the groups to which you belong. How are these norms enforced?
7. Do you think a team contract would improve the effectiveness of teams? Why or why not?

Chapter 8: Perspectives on Decision Making
Each question should be 250 words (include the word count after each question). After completing the required reading for this week, answer two (2) of the following questions on pp. 311-312:
1. Some have argued that people, not organizations, make decisions and that the study of “organizational” decision-making is therefore pointless. Do you agree with this argument? Why or why not?
2. What information did you use in deciding to enter the school you now attend? Explain your thought process and why.
4. Describe at least three points in the decision-making process at which information plays an important role.
8. Describe a situation in which you experienced an escalation of commitment to an ineffective course of action. What did you do about it? Do you wish you had handled it differently? Why or why not?

Chapter 5: Performance and Reward Strtuctures
Each question should be 250 (include the word count after each question). After completing the required reading for this week, answer two (2) of the following questions on pp. 190:
1. When has your level of performance been directly affected by your motivation? By your ability? By the environment?
2. Identify examples from your own experience that support, and others that refute, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory.
4. Which is likely to be a more serious problem – Perceptions of being under-rewarded or perceptions of being over-rewarded?
6. Do the relationships between performance and satisfaction suggested by Porter and Lawler seem valid? Cite examples that both support and refute the model.
8. Identify the five forms of reinforcement that you receive most often (i.e., wages, grades, etc.). On what schedule do you receive each of them?