What are the four approaches to the study of ethics identified by Beauchamp & Walters? Of these four, which would you say is most relevant to the ethics of healthcare, and why?
UNIT #2: ETHICAL THEORIES & PRINCIPLES OF
BIOETHICS
What are the four approaches to the study of ethics identified by Beauchamp & Walters? Of these four, which would you say is most relevant to the ethics of healthcare, and why?
Beauchamp & Walters discuss several ways of trying to resolve a moral disagreement. Think about an example of a moral disagreement that is relevant to your life: which of these ways of trying to resolve moral disagreements do you think would be useful for your example?
Based on the characterizations given by Beauchamp & Walters, which of the following ethical theories do you find most compelling and why?
utilitarianism; Kantian ethics; virtue
ethics; care ethics.
What are the four principles of bioethics?
Gillon and Macklin disagree a bit when it comes to applying the four principles of bioethics to real-world medical cases. Describe one of these cases in your own words, then briefly summarize what Gillon and Macklin say about it. Which of them do you think gives the better ethical argument on this case?