Describe one, function-based reinforcement procedure based on your interpretation of the data.
Overview:

In this assignment, you will be expected to read the case study below, and review the
data presented.

Case Study 1:

Lonnie, a 3-year-old boy was an only child who lived with his parents. His mother, who
was home with Lonnie during the day, was having trouble with Lonnie’s disruptive
behavior. He whined frequently, interrupted her when she was busy, and constantly
demanded that she play with him. Often, he would end up tantruming on the floor, and
throw things if his mom didn’t respond. His mother responded in various ways,
sometimes she played with him, sometimes she explained to him that she was busy,
and sometimes she ignored the disruptive behaviors. She reported that on most days,
Lonnie woke up and had breakfast. After breakfast, Lonnie’s mom did errands with
Lonnie, or she completed chores around the house, while Lonnie played. On some
days, she took him to the library or for a playdate. Around noon, Lonnie and his mom
ate lunch together, and then Lonnie napped until 1:30. After his nap, Lonnie watched TV
while his mom prepared dinner, and then his dad came home.

Once his dad was home,
often Lonnie would play with his Dad until dinnertime. After dinner, Lonnie took a bath
and watched TV until bed. Lonnie’s mom identified that the days where she had
activities planned for Lonnie were better, but that she could not always plan activities or
give him individual attention, since she had things to do around the house or for the
family. Lonnie’s mom went to her family pediatrician to get help with the behavior, and
he asked her to keep track of (1) What time of the day the behaviors seemed to happen,
(2) How long Lonnie was able to play by himself, (3) What Lonnie’s favorite things were
to do alone, and (4) What things Lonnie liked to do with her? In addition, he asked her
to identify what seemed to trigger the episodes and what she did in response. The
pediatrician stated that understanding the patterns would help them come up with a
strategy.

The data are discussed below:

(1) Time of the day: Lonnie’s Mom reported that over the course of the week, 17
episodes occurred in the morning, between breakfast and lunch, and 5 episodes occurred after nap. Lonnie did not engage in any behaviors from the time his Dad
came home until dinnertime. After dinner, he had 3 episodes of the week. Lonnie
was never reported to engage in the disruptive behaviors during meals.

(2) Play Behavior: Lonnie’s Mom reported that during the week, Lonnie played alone
on average for about 10 minutes, though some days it was as short as 5
minutes, and some days he seemed to be able to entertain himself for 30
minutes. She did say he could watch TV alone for up to an hour, but that she did
not want him doing that consistently, as she knew it was not the best option for
him.

(3) Alone Play Preferences: Lonnie’s mom observed that when alone, Lonnie was
most successful with his puzzles, blocks, and trains. While he seemed to like
coloring and painting alone, she did not feel comfortable letting him play alone
with those because he would paint or color on furniture.

(4) Together Play Preferences: Lonnie’s mom observed that when they played
together, Lonnie most frequently requested going outside and playing on the play
set, doing arts and crafts, or playing with his dinosaurs.

(5) Triggers to the Episodes: Lonnie’s mom reported that of the 25 episodes that
occurred over the week, 15 of them occurred in when Lonnie’s mom was
completing chores in another room, Lonnie couldn’t figure out what to play with,
and she had told him that he needed to figure it out and play alone. 7 of them
occurred when Lonnie’s mom was in another room but had just checked on
Lonnie and he was independently playing or watching TV. 3 of the episodes
occurred out of the blue, when Lonnie’s mom and dad were talking and Lonnie
was watching TV.

(6) Responses to the Episodes: Lonnie’s mom reported she was inconsistent during
the week of observing. 10 times she ignored the disruptive behavior but found it
unmanageable to do so as he escalated and began to throw items consistently,
then she had to respond and bring him along with her to complete chores (which
she said was still unsuccessful). 8 times she went and played with him after
going back and forth, trying to get him to play alone. 5 times, she immediately
went and played with him, because she reported she just couldn’t get anything
done otherwise.

Instructions:

Write a 5-page paper (not including title, reference, or figure pages), in which you:

1. Case summary describing demographics, methods for data collection,
interventions already in place for problem behaviors, and results found. (35
points)

2. Create a Function Behavior Assessment (FBA) (65 points)

• Identify target problem behaviors and operationalize target behaviors.
Provide a rationale for why you chose these target behaviors.

Create a graph for each of the variables measured during the data
collection period.

****You do not need to create a graph for Time of Day,
as that graph was created as a model.(Graph attached) This can be used as an example

*****Please see the graph and the Excel Spreadsheet attached. This is an example of how the graphs need to be constructed and also used as Time Of Day graph for paper/

• Describe one, function-based reinforcement procedure based on your
interpretation of the data. Provide a rationale for why you chose this
reinforcement procedure.

Describe one, antecedent control procedure based on your
interpretation of the data. Provide a rationale for why you chose this
antecedent control procedure.

Requirements:
• Maximum 5 pages excluding title, reference and figure pages.
• Clear and professional college-level writing.
• Use the textbook and a minimum of two scholarly sources to support
rationale forintervention procedures.
• Appropriately cite references in accordance with APA style.