Explain how the Law of Segregation and the Law of Independent Assortment relate directly to chromosome movements during meiosis.
This assignment consists of two questions. Each of your responses should be one or more paragraphs long, depending upon the depth of the question. An answer consisting of only a few short sentences is insufficient, and will receive a poor grade. Please include references where appropriate.
List several characteristics of the garden pea that explain why it was a good choice by Mendel for his experiments. Select one of the traits he studied and show Punnett Squares of the F1 and F2 generations that result from a cross between true breeding parents with contrasting phenotypes. Explain in detail why the F2 ratios Mendel obtained were all close to 3:1.
Explain Mendel’s four principles of inheritance in your own words. Then explain how the Law of Segregation and the Law of Independent Assortment relate directly to chromosome movements during meiosis. Which particular stages of meiosis demonstrate each of these two laws?