Managers practice 4 fundamental functions: planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. As a manager moves higher in the organization, they are faced with broader responsibilities and use all 4 functions. While leadership is 1 fundamental management skill, the term leader is sometimes used in place of manager. Based on the size and structure of the organization, multiple levels of management exist.
Larger organizations have executive and senior leaders, often in functional roles. These managers oversee middle managers and usually have the role of vice president or higher. General managers and directors are middle managers who oversee lower-level managers. These managers often have specific groups of employees representing functional areas, such as sales, operations, finance, and human resources, reporting to them.
For example, in the Organizational Structure Example image, the vice president of sales & marketing oversees the sales director and marketing director. In turn, the sales director oversees the sales managers for regions 1, 2, and 3. The Region 2 and 3 sales managers also have sales reps that report to them. Similarly, the marketing director oversees the Regions 1 & 2 and Region 3 marketing managers who oversee internal sales.
The organizational Structure Example is below in the files……..
Using this information about management levels, consider the business administration tasks management needs to fulfill and answer the following questions:
How do these skills work within the different levels of an organization? How does the use of these skills help organizations outperform others in their industry?
How are the 4 functions of management (i.e., planning, organizing, leading, and controlling) effective in helping organizations meet their strategic objectives and business goals?