Explain the influence of internal and external stakeholders in your program planning and why their inclusion is important for the planning process.
Stakeholders’ input in program planning helps with getting a different perspective. Stakeholders also provide ongoing feedback to improve program planning and implementation. Additionally, stakeholders are more likely to support the evaluation and act on results and recommendations if they are involved in the evaluation process.
In your initial post, include the following details:
Explain the influence of internal and external stakeholders in your program planning and why their inclusion is important for the planning process.
Describe how you would assess the nature of each stakeholder’s influence and importance.
Then respond to at least two of your peers’ initial posts. Make sure you choose at least one post that focuses on stakeholders that are different from yours. Include the following details in your response:
Identify at least one type of stakeholder that your peer did not include in their initial post, and explain why considering this stakeholder type is important.
Explain the risks of not involving stakeholders in program planning. If your peer has already discussed some risks in their initial post, identify at least one other risk that they did not or elaborate further on a risk that they did identify.
Respond to Student A Discussion:
Stakeholders are people, groups, or organizations who are interested in or impacted by a project’s or program’s activity. It is crucial to take the needs, interests, and viewpoints of internal and external stakeholders into account while creating any program (Pererva, 2021). External stakeholders are those outside the organization, such as customers, suppliers, and community members, whereas internal stakeholders are those within the organization, such as employees or managers.
For several reasons, it is crucial to include internal and external stakeholders in program development. Stakeholders have important knowledge, skills, and viewpoints that can help the program succeed (Pererva, 2021). It is possible to ensure that the program is pertinent, efficient, and satisfies the requirements of individuals who will be impacted by it by incorporating stakeholders in the planning process. Another way to increase support for the program is by including stakeholders in the planning stages. Stakeholders are more likely to support the program and be invested in its success when they believe that their thoughts and concerns are being heard and taken into consideration. As a result, there may be less program resistance and a higher chance of program success.
It is crucial to take into account each stakeholder’s level of power and interest when determining their influence and significance. A tool for identifying and analyzing the interests, attitudes, and power of stakeholders is stakeholder analysis (Węgrzyn, 2022). This entails classifying stakeholders according to their level of involvement in the program and influence over it.
The most crucial stakeholders to involve in the planning process are those with a high level of interest and influence, or key players. They can make choices and have an impact on the program’s results. Engaging supporters, or stakeholders with strong interests but limited influence, is crucial because they can promote the initiative. Observers are stakeholders who have great influence but little interest; they should be informed but may not need as much involvement in the planning process. The least level of involvement in the planning process is necessary for stakeholders with limited power and low interest, sometimes referred to as minimal effort.
The effectiveness of the program depends on including stakeholders in the planning process. Effective communication and collaboration, which are crucial for program success, can be established by evaluating the nature and significance of each stakeholder’s influence. Program planners may create a comprehensive and efficient plan that satisfies the expectations and requirements of all concerned stakeholders by taking the needs and interests of both internal and external stakeholders into consideration.
References
Pererva, P. G., Kobielieva, T. O., Tkachov, M. M., & Diachenko, T. A. (2021). Management of relations with enterprise stakeholders based on value approach.
Węgrzyn, J., & Wojewnik-Filipkowska, A. (2022). Stakeholder Analysis and Their Attitude towards PPP Success. Sustainability 2022, 14, 1570.

Respond to Student B Discussion:

Internal stakeholders are typically individuals within the organization with a vest interest in the business (Zaichenko & Topalidis, 2023). External stakeholders are individuals outside the organization with more indirect control whereas the internal stakeholders have more direct control (Zaichenko & Topalidis, 2023). Internal stakeholders like medical staff, providers, and administration to understand if changes need to be implemented. External stakeholders can provide feedback for areas of improvement.
Stakeholder influence can be beneficial and valuable to any organization. Stakeholder engagement process includes developing effective communication strategies. This allow the organization to communicate with the stakeholders effectively to utilize their input to better the organization. I would start by sending surveys to stakeholders to understand what they see improvement can be.
Reference:
Sedmak, J. (2023). What is stakeholder engagement, and why is it important for strategic planning?. SME Strategy Strategic Planning facilitator. https://www.smestrategy.net/blog/stakeholder-engagement-management-for-strategic-planning
Zaichenko, M., & Topalidis, A. (2023). Internal and external stakeholders roles & responsibilities. Custom Software Development Company. https://maddevs.io/blog/internal-and-external-stakeholders-in-it/